How do you design a MOOC?
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have become popular as a result of well-known American universities making their colleges available online, free of charge, to a worldwide audience. While the first MOOCs appeared before 2010, they really became popular in 2012. The design of a MOOC varies, depending on its type.
The cMOOC is based on the idea of social learning—through the exchange of knowledge, experiences and ideas about the topics covered by the MOOC. The ‘c’ in cMOOC stands for connectivist.
The xMOOC is based on traditional classroom education where content from experts is offered in written text and/or videos. Small Private Online Courses (SPOCs) originated as variants, with the most important feature being that they are available to a specific target group (private) and are, therefore, smaller.
Rabobank and GITP developed a Massive Online Open Course (MOOC) to help entrepreneurs expand internationally. Read more about how they developed their MOOC.
Most important features of MOOCs
- They offer free access.
- They are available to a large group of participants.
- Experts offer the course content—including assignments (xMOOC)—and can provide feedback on the assignments;often, own content = content creation by the experts.
- Content is selected and made available by the ‘moderator’ (content that is the best starting point for social learning = content curation). The moderator initiates and facilitates the discussion.
- The content of the MOOC is the starting point of interaction to create social learning between participants.
- The content is offered through an online platform.
- Conversations and discussions between participants can take place both on the platform as well as through other channels.
- Content can be made available all at once, shared periodically (e.g., every week) or based on certain conditions.
MOOCs use the following aNewSpring features:
- Social and Mobile Learning
- MemoTrainer™ as retention tool
- Conditional learning activities
- Certificates of participation
- Hand-in assignments
- Video hosting